News Archive

Illustration for EconPol Working Paper 25

Taxation and Public Spending Efficiency: An International Comparison

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Working Paper
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This EconPol paper evaluates the relevance of the taxation for public spending efficiency in a sample of OECD economies in the period 2003-2017. It finds that inputs could be theoretically lower by approximately 32-34%; the Malmquist indices show an overall decrease in technology and in TFP. Crucial for policymaking, the authors find that expenditure efficiency is negatively associated with taxation, more specifically direct and indirect taxes negatively affect government efficiency performance. The same is true for social security contributions.
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Illustration for EconPol Opinion 17

Intra-EU labour mobility: From too little to too much?

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Opinion
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Freedom of movement of workers is one of the fundamental ‘four freedoms’ of the European Union and has been in force for decades. Economists have long considered that labour mobility is too low in EU, but this is changing as more and more EU citizens move to other Member States to work. Cinzia Alcidi and Daniel Gros examine the factors that have driven the growth in intra-EU labour mobility in this latest EconPol opinion.
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Illustration for EconPol Opinion 18

Majority Voting on Taxation Could Prove Explosive for European Integration

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Opinion
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The unanimity requirement for EU legislation on taxation in the Council has come under attack. Early this year, the European Commission launched an initiative to introduce majority voting for tax-policy decisions. Friedrich Heinemann analyses the arguments of the Commission and finds criticism unconvincing and misleading in this EconPol opinion.
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Illustration for EconPol Policy Brief 17

Macroprudential Measures and Taxation in the Housing Markets

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Policy Brief
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The recent financial crisis and subsequent global recession have been followed by a wave of macroprudential measures in the housing market. At the same time, governments have a long tradition of conducting tax policies which encourage households to acquire owner-housing. These tax advantages may be at least partly responsible for the need to regulate borrowing. In terms of policy, the goal should be to identify instruments that reduce the negative effects of household leverage while minimizing the welfare costs to households. This EconPol policy brief examines the joint effects of the tax system and credit regulation.
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Illustration for EconPol Policy Report 14

The Surprising Sluggishness of French Exports: Reviewing Competitiveness and its Determinants

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Policy Report
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The large deterioration in France’s current account balance during the euro’s first decade was mainly due to its poor export performances. Although there have been no more market share losses since 2012, French export growth lags behind that of our European partners. This EconPol policy report examines the continuing sluggishness of France’s trade performances over recent years, marked in particular by its surprising inability to make any significant and lasting reduction in the trade deficit or regain back lost market shares.
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