News Archive

Illustration for EconPol Working Paper 12

The Role of Pre-Opening Mechanisms in Fragmented Markets

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EconPol Working Paper
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Liquidity issues in financial markets arise because of two main factors: asymmetric information and cost of market participation. To alleviate these frictions, several exchanges start with a pre-opening period characterized by the accumulation of orders and the absence of trading. What is the role of Euronext’s pre-opening mechanism in the price discovery and liquidity formation of the exchange itself versus two other competing venues deprived of such a mechanism, namely BATS and Chi-X? EconPol expert Sophie Moinas (TSE) and her co-authors find evidence that tentative clearing prices set during the pre-opening period contribute to discover opening price; and that tentative clearing volume is positively correlated with liquidity across all three platforms.
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Illustration for EconPol Working Paper 15

Fragmentation and Strategic Market-Making

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EconPol Working Paper
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Over the past decade major regulatory changes in the US and Europe to promote competition among trading venues have made today’s financial markets more fragmented and complex than ever. Information technology, infrastructure enhancement, and arbitrage strategies all help to link trading venues. This EconPol Working Paper, co-authored by EconPol researcher Sophie Moinas, uses a two-venue duopoly model involving strategic risk-averse market-makers to explore a new cross-market linking channel: the interdependence of liquidity providers' inventory costs.
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Illustration for EconPol Working Paper 13

Funding Constraints and Market Illiquidity in the European Treasury Bond Market

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EconPol Working Paper
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Financial markets routinely experience a variety of frictions that hinder their efficient functioning by impacting price formation. These frictions are usually due to how trading is organized in a market, regulatory constraints, or trading capital. EconPol expert Sophie Moinas (TSE) and her co-authors propose an empirical investigation of the dynamic relationships between funding and market illiquidity measures in the European Treasury bond market. They find that funding illiquidity shocks affect bond market illiquidity and of a weaker, but significant, reverse feedback effect. Their analysis also shows that the responses of individual bonds' market illiquidity to funding illiquidity shocks increase with bond duration, the credit risk of the issuer, and with haircuts.
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Illustration for EconPol Working Paper 16

Shadow Banking and the Four Pillars of Traditional Financial Intermediation

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EconPol Working Paper
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Traditional retail banking (and, by default, shadow banking) is built on four pillars: SME lending, access to public liquidity, deposit insurance, and prudential supervision. But many shadow financial institutions (money market mutual funds, hedge funds and investment banks) gained access to public liquidity facilities during the 2008 crisis. In this working paper, EconPol expert Jean Tirole and his co-author Emmanuel Farhi, ask whether, in the light of recent developments, it is time to reconsider the time-honored SME lending/regulation/ public liquidity access/ deposit insurance quadrilogy?
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Illustration for EconPol Working Paper 10

Globalization and Electoral Outcomes: Evidence from Italy

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EconPol Working Paper
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Did economic factors associated with globalization influence electoral dynamics in Italy over the 1994-2008 period? And if so, to what extent? Using the intensity of import competition from China and the presence of immigrants as their main units of analysis, EconPol research-ers Mauro Caselli, Andrea Fracasso, and Silvio Traverso explore this question. They find that both immigration intensity and exposure to import competition from China contributed posi-tively to the electoral outcomes of far-right parties. But only immigration intensity positively impacted votes for right-wing and traditionalist/authoritarian/nationalist parties. They also find that a higher presence of immigrants lowered electoral turnout.
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