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The Role of Income Support Systems as Income Stabilizers in Times of Crisis

Policy Brief
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The new Policy Brief studies how tax and benefit systems in Europe in general, and unemployment benefits and minimum income support (MIS) systems in particular, perform in terms of income stabilization under comparable shock scenarios. Nordic and Continental European welfare states tend to provide higher income stabilization compared to Post-Socialist, Southern European and Liberal welfare states. MIS systems play only a limited role in the stabilization of household incomes. The importance of MIS schemes increases when macroeconomic shocks last longer. Countries with higher coverage rates of unemployment insurance and MIS systems provide a higher level of income insurance for the unemployed.