News Archive

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Government Spending Efficiency, Measurement and Applications: a Cross-Country Efficiency Dataset

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Working Paper
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António Afonso, João Tovar Jalles, Ana Venâncio have conducted a review of the literature dealing with overall public sector performance and efficiency, defining a methodology to assess public sector efficiency and create a novel and large cross-sectional panel dataset of government indicators and public sector efficiency scores. The focus is on a balanced sample covering all 36 OECD countries over the time period between 2006 and 2017.

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Environmental Policy with Green Consumerism

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Working Paper
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To shed light on the question of whether green consumerism is beneficial to the environment and the economy, Stefan Ambec and Philippe De Donder study the political economy of environmental regulations in a model with neutral and green consumers where the latter derive some warm glow from buying a good of higher environmental quality produced by a profit-maximizing monopoly, while the good bought by neutral consumers is provided by a competitive fringe.

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Plugging Carbon Leaks

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EconPol Opinion
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The border adjustment mechanism proposed by the European Commission is designed to reduce imported CO2 emissions; an attractive initiative on paper but whose implementation is a real headache as it conflicts with the trade negotiations conducted by the same Commission. Stefan Ambec and Claude Crampes (EconPol Europe and Toulouse School of Economics) examine the plans and consider the solutions.

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The Insurance Properties of Common Debt Issuance

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Policy Report
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The cost of public debt increases more than proportionally with the debt/GDP ratio. This convexity has one immediate implication in the presence of uncertainty about growth: the average social cost of public debt is higher than the contractual debt service cost embedded in the interest rate. In this EconPol policy report, Daniel Gros explains how Common European debt, which is financed by a pro-rata levy on the output of member states, provides an insurance function because countries which grow less have to contribute less (and vice versa).

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European Central Bank

Explained: the Insurance Properties of Common Debt Issuance in the EU

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EconPol Opinion
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The Covid-19 crisis has led to a common European fiscal response in the form of the €750 billion Next Generation EU (NGEU) package agreed by EU leaders in July 2020. One important novelty of this package is that it will involve, for the first time, the issuance of substantial common European debt - Daniel Gros explains what this means for the EU and its Member States.

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