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Reforming Economic Governance in the Eurozone

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Policy Brief
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How to deal with the already high levels of national debt in the view of rising inflation in the eurozone? In his new Policy Brief Clemens Fuest argues that giving governments more debt leeway is the wrong way to go. Fiscal policy coordination should instead focus more on reallocating public expenditure and thus on increasing its quality rather than its quantity.

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Flags Europe

The European Added Value of the Recovery and Resilience Facility

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Policy Report
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How do national governments use funds from the European Recovery and Resilience? A new EconPol Policy Report conducts an in-depth analysis of the national recovery and resilience plans of Austria, Belgium, and Germany. The results suggest that the EU funds are extensively used to replace national spending that governments would have made anyway. The share of new investment projects is smallest in Germany (52%) and highest in Belgium (77%). Austria ranks in the middle with 54%.

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Made in China

How Dependent is the German Economy on China?

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Policy Report
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In recent decades, China has risen to become Germany’s most important trading partner for international trade in goods. Has Germany become too dependent from trade with China? A new Policy Report shows that China plays an important, but by no means dominant role for Germany as a supplier or destination market. However, 46% of German firms in the manufacturing sector state that they currently depend on important intermediate inputs from China. Of those, almost half of the firms are planning to reduce imports from China in the future.

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Euro Coins

Moving From Broad to Targeted Pandemic Fiscal Support

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Policy Report
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This paper conceptualizes an appropriate path for fiscal policy starting from the early phase of the pandemic up to the final transition to a post-pandemic new normal. Using this yardstick, it assesses the initial fiscal response of Member States. It exploits fiscal projections and program data to analyze the adjustment to the economic recovery. For loan guarantee and short-time work schemes, it identifies program-specific parameters that improve target precision and identifies examples of more and less convincing program designs.

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What if? The Economic Effects for Germany of a Stop of Energy Imports from Russia

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Policy Report
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This article discusses the economic effects of a potential cut-off of the German economy from Russian energy imports. We show that the effects are likely to be substantial but manageable. In the short run, a stop of Russian energy imports would lead to a GDP decline in range between 0.5% and 3% (cf. the GDP decline in 2020 during the pandemic was 4.5%).

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