News Archive

Rotterdam skyline

Why do Dutch SMEs apply for fewer bank loans than their EU neighbours?

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EconPol Policy Brief
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Bank loans continue to be the main source of external financing for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), in both the Netherlands and other European countries. Businesses are using those loans for expansion, innovation or as working capital.  But Dutch SMEs are applying for fewer bank loans, and those applications are often rejected by the banks. How does SME bank financing in the Netherlands relate to other European countries, and what are the reasons for the differences?

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Welding image illustrating car industry

The Weakness of the German Car Industry and its Sectoral and Global Impacts

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EconPol Policy Brief
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A sharp downturn in industrial production in the German car industry in the third quarter 2018 had an immediate impact on its main trading partners and is causing global and sectoral losses. The drop is raising questions about broader economic consequences, say EconPol researchers, who expect German car industry to stay in recession for the near future.

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Chinese skyscrapers

In Systemic Competition with China

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EconPol Opinion
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China’s success with state capitalism poses security concerns and huge economic challenges for western market economies. Its economy has boomed over the past 20 years, with private industry contributing much to recent success. And while private industry has helped the rise of China, it’s only one part of the economy. State enterprises and state-controlled firms play a dominant role; the former accounts for 35% of China’s GDP.

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World map to illustrate climate change

The Long-Term Climate Strategy of the European Union – a Reality Check

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EconPol Opinion
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To prevent the average global temperature rising by more than 1.5° celsius, we need to reduce global net greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions to zero by 2050. The EU’s current target is a reduction of emissions by 80-95% by 2050. However, the EU itself estimates that it will only achieve about 60% with a continuation of current policies. In 2017, GHG emissions rose after falling by almost 23% between 1990 and 2016. Prof. Dr. Karen Pittel examines the evidence and suggests a framework for action.

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Euro coins

(Un)Intended Effects of Preferential Tax Regimes: The Case of European Patent Boxes

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Working Paper
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In this analysis of the effects of the preferential tax treatment of IP income in European countries, authors provide a comparison of pre-tax profits of firms in patent box countries – before and after the introduction of patent boxes – and provide the comparison for two types of firms: affiliates that belong to a MNE and those that belong to domestic conglomerates. Contrary to expectation, the overall tax base adjustment might lower tax revenues collected from MNEs.

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